Powering the Future: Treasury and IRS New Guidance Could Supercharge American Clean Energy Manufacturing Posted on May 18, 2024

The U.S. Department of the Treasury, in conjunction with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), recently issued additional guidance aimed at bolstering American clean energy manufacturing. This move is a significant step towards achieving climate goals and revitalizing the domestic clean energy sector. The new guidance provides a comprehensive framework that supports various stakeholders in the clean energy ecosystem.  The full text of the new guidance is contained in IRS Notice 2024-21 released on May 16, 2024.

Understanding the New Guidance

The additional guidance primarily revolves around tax incentives, financial incentives, and regulatory clarity, which are designed to encourage investment in clean energy technologies. These incentives are structured to benefit a wide array of participants, including manufacturers, developers, and investors.

Tax Incentives

One of the cornerstone components of the guidance is the enhancement of tax credits for clean energy manufacturing. The Production Tax Credit (PTC) and Investment Tax Credit (ITC) have been key drivers in the renewable energy sector, and the latest guidance aims to expand their applicability. The PTC, traditionally used for wind energy projects, and the ITC, used for solar projects, are being extended to cover other technologies such as geothermal, biomass, and advanced nuclear.

The guidance also introduces a novel incentive structure for energy storage technologies, which are crucial for balancing intermittent renewable energy sources like wind and solar. This includes standalone storage projects, which can now qualify for the ITC, encouraging investments in battery storage, pumped hydro, and other innovative storage solutions.

Financial Incentives

To complement the tax incentives, the Treasury is also rolling out new financial incentives aimed at reducing the upfront costs of clean energy projects. This includes grants, loan guarantees, and other funding mechanisms that can help bridge the gap between early-stage research and commercial deployment. These financial tools are particularly significant for emerging technologies that require substantial initial investments but offer promising long-term benefits.

The guidance also highlights the importance of public-private partnerships in accelerating the deployment of clean energy technologies. By fostering collaboration between government entities, private companies, and research institutions, these partnerships can leverage collective expertise and resources, driving innovation and scaling up production.

Regulatory Clarity

In addition to financial and tax incentives, the new guidance emphasizes regulatory clarity as a crucial factor in promoting clean energy manufacturing. The Treasury and IRS are working to streamline permitting processes, reduce bureaucratic hurdles, and provide clear guidelines for compliance. This approach is intended to create a predictable regulatory environment that can attract long-term investments and reduce project delays.

Impact on Clean Energy Manufacturing

The additional guidance is poised to have a transformative impact on the clean energy manufacturing landscape in the United States. By providing a stable and supportive policy framework, it aims to increase domestic production of clean energy technologies and drive technological innovation. From manufacturing and installation to research and development, the expanded incentives are expected to create thousands of new jobs, contributing to economic growth and community development. This aligns with the Biden administration’s target of achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 and fulfilling international climate commitments.

Challenges and Opportunities

While the additional guidance presents numerous opportunities, it also comes with challenges that need to be addressed. One of the primary challenges is ensuring equitable access to the incentives, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that may lack the resources to navigate complex regulatory and financial landscapes. To address this, the Treasury and IRS are working on providing technical assistance and outreach programs to support SMEs.

Another challenge is the integration of new technologies into the existing energy infrastructure. This requires substantial investments in grid modernization, cybersecurity, and workforce training. However, these challenges also present opportunities for further innovation and collaboration, creating a dynamic and resilient clean energy ecosystem.


The U.S. Department of the Treasury and the IRS’s additional guidance marks a pivotal moment in the journey towards a sustainable and prosperous clean energy future. The comprehensive set of incentives and regulatory support has the potential to unleash the full potential of American clean energy manufacturing.